AHLUL BAIT

WHO ARE AHLUL-BAIT ?

The Ahl-ul Bait, are those glowing personalities, endeared and respected by every Muslim alike who loves the Almighty’s final Messenger to mankind and sincerely believes in his mission. The Muslims have known this lofty term, this guiding star on the horizon of  Islam, ever since the Glorious Quran pronounced this blessed epithet, to address the family of our Prophet in the following terms:

“Allah desires only to keep away unclean liness from you people of the House (Ahlul-Bait) and make you pure as pure can be.”
                                                                         Holy Qur’an (33.33)

The revelation had a significant impact on the Muslim nation in shaping its history and moulding its culture. All Islamic Scholars and researchers unanimously agree with this view. No one can dispute the fact that Qur’an does not define the leadership of the Muslim nation after the Prophet, for Almighty Allah does not leave people without guidance.

Besides granting this exclusive elite the attribute of purity from sins and errors, several other verses of  Qur’an describe them in the most eloquent terms. They emphasize their superiority over the rest of the Muslims and present them as paragons of virtue to be emulated by all alike in order that Muslims measure according to the Quranic pholosophy of life.

Their close proximity to the Prophet together with their vast knowledge, piety, morals, high ideals, steadfastness in defending the rights of the oppressed, and fighting tyranny and despotism of knowledge, and at times by sword if the circumstances compelled, have made ahl ul-Bait a unique group. All Muslim scholars are unanimous that besides Prophet Muhammad (SAW), his daughter Fatima, her husband Ali, and their two sons Hasan & Hussain (A.S.), were the ones whom Allah kept pure from errors and sins.

Allah has made love and respect toward them obligatory and has described it as a token of thanks from Muslim nation towards their beloved Prophet (SAW) for his efforts in enlightening them with the message of Islam : Ahl-ul-Bait, presented by Ahl ul-Bait (A.S.) World Assembly, Tehran, Iran 1992. pp.11-12

“Say (O’ Mohammad, unto mankind) : I do not ask of you any reward for this; but love for my near kin’s; and whoever earns good, We give him more of good therein.”
                                                                     (Holy Qur-an(42.23)

Another indication of their honoured status is the obligatory blessings SALAWAT, ordained by Allah for the Prophet and his Household during fives daily prayers a Muslim to  perform:

“Surely Allah and his angels bless the Prophet; O you who believe! Call for (divine( blessings on him with a (worthy) salutation.”
                                                                  Holy Qur’an  (33-56)

The Messenger of Allah expounding the meaning of the word ‘salutation’ as mentioned in the qur’an instructed the Muslims

“Say: O Allah, shower your blessings on Muhammad and the (pure) progeny of Muhammad as you had showered your blessings on Abraham and the progeny of Abraham; You are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious.”

The Qur’an emphasizes the lofty position and significance of the Ahlu-Bait so as to make the Muslim nation follow their perfect example, look for guidance towards them and acknowledge their leadership, after Prophet Mohammad (SAW).

 

THE QURAN IN THE SCHOOL OF AHLU-BAIT

A STUDY OF THE NARATIVE AND TRADITIONS THAT HAVE REACHED US ON THE AUTHORITY OF THE Ahlul-Bait and a glance at their lives and works, reveals that the message of the Holy Qur’an and the safeguarding of its letter and spirit, was the prime concern of these luminaries.

Imam Ja’fer al-Sadiq, the sixth Imam of the Prophet’s infallible households, quotes his grandfather, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) as saying:

“Whoever memorizes the Qur’an and practices its teaching, will be among the ranks of  the honourable and righteous”.
                               Ahlul-Bait in Quran, Al Balagh Foundation, p. 35

Narrated the Fourth Imam Ali bin Hussain (A.S.) : the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said :

“Whoever is given the  qur’an by Allah,but thinks that someone else is    given a better thing than he is, would be belittling the great  and magnifying the little”.

The Fifth Imam Mohammad Al-Baquir (A.S.) is quoted to have said : the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said : “O readers of Qur’an, fear Allah for having charged you with

His Book, as I am responsible and you are responsible.  mosque where local people donot pray in it; a learned man among ignorant; and the Scripture (the Qur’an) which is covered with dust as nobody reads it”.

He (A.S.) also said :

“The Qur’an is alive, it never dies. It goes on as the night and the day go on, and as the sum and the moon go on.

The life of Imams of the Athnai Ashari sect rests on the verses related to belief in the oneness of God, the prophethood of the Holy Prophet and good deeds.

EXTRACTS FROM AL-QURAN

And convey good news to those who believe, and do good deeds, that they shall have gardens in which rivers flow; whenever they will be given a portion of fruit thereof, they shall say : This is what was given the like of it, and in them, they shall abide. 1.2.25

Surely those who believe and those who are Jews, and the Christians, and the Sabian whoever believes in Allah and the last day and does good, they shall have their from their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve. 1.2.62

And (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, these are the dwellers of the garden; in it they shall abide. 1.2.82

Surely they who believe and do good deeds and keep up prayers and pay the poor rate they shall have their rewards from their Lord, and they shall have no fear nor they shall grieve. 3.2.277

And as to those who believe and do good deeds, He will pay them fully their rewards and Allah does not love the unjust (cruels). 3. 3. 57

And (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, We will make them enter gardens beneath which rivers flow; they shall have there in pure mates, and we shall make them enter a dense shad. 5. 4. 57

And ( as for ) those who believe and do good, We will make them into gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide therein for ever, (it is) a promise of Allah, true (indeed); and who is truer of words than Allah ?  5. 4. 122

Then  as for those who believe and do good, He will pay them fully their rewards and give them more out of his grace; and as for those who disdain and are proud, He will chastise them with a painful chastisement. 5. 4. 173

Allah has promised to those who believe & do good deeds (that) they shall have forgiveness and mighty (hefty) reward. 6. 5.  9

Surely those who believe and those who are Jews and Sebians and the Christians whoever believes in Allah and the last day( the day of judgment) and does good- they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve. 6. 5. 69

And for those who believe and do good there is no blame for what they eat, when they are careful (of their duty) and believe and do good deeds, then they are careful (of their duty) and believe, they are (careful of their duty) and do good (to others) and Allah loves those who do good (to others).  7. 5. 93

And as for those who believe and do good, We donot impose on any soul a duty except to the extent of his ability- they are the dwellers of the Garden (heaven), in it they shall abide. 8.7.42

To him you return, of all (of you); the promise of Allah, in truth; surely He begins the creation in the first instance, then he reproduces it, that he may with justice recompense those who believe and do good; and (as for) those who disbelieve, they shall have a drink of hot water and painful punishment because they disbelieved. 11. 10. 5

Surely as for those who believe and do good, their lord will guide them by their faith; there shall flow from beneath them rivers in gardens of bliss.  11. 10. 9

Those who a re patient and do good they shall have forgiveness and a great reward. 12. 11. 11

Surely ( as to ) those who believe and do good and humble themselves to their Lord, these are the dwellers of the Paradise, in it they will abide. 12. 11. 23

And those who believe and do good are made to enter gardens, beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them by their Lord’s permission; Their greetings therein, Peace. 13. 14. 23

Surely this Quran guides to him who is most upright and gives good news to the believers who do good that they shall have great reward. 15. 17. 9

Surely (as for) those who believe and do good We donot waste the reward of him who does good work (deed). 15. 18. 30

And as for him who believes and does good, he shall have goodly reward (Paradise)

Surely (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, their place of entertainment shall be the garden (Al Firdos) Paradise. 16. 18. 107

 Except those who believe in God and his messenger and work righteousness. Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught. 16. 19.60

Surely (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, for them Allah will bestow love for them. 16. 19. 96

And whoever comes to Him a believer (and) he has done good deeds indeed, he who shall have the higher ranks. 16. 20. 75

And most surely I am most forgiving to him who repents and believes and does good, then continues to follow the right path. 16. 20. 82

And whoever does good works and he is believer, he shall have no fear of injustice nor of the withholding of his due. 16.20.112

Therefore whop shall good deeds and he is a believer, there shall be no denying of his exertion, and surely We will write (it) down for him. 17.21.94

Surely Allah will cause those who believe and do good deeds to enter gardens beneath which rivers flow; surely Allah does what He pleases. 17.22.14

Surely Allah will make those who believe and do good deeds enter gardens beneath which rivers flow, they shall be adorned therein with bracelets of gold and (with) pearls, and their garments therein shall be of silk. 17.22.23

So those who believe in God and do righteous deeds, for them is forgiveness i.e. Paradise.17.22.50

The kingdom on that day shall be Allah’s.He will judge between them, so those who believe and do good will be in gardens of bliss. 17.22.56

Allah has promised to those of you who believe and do good that He will most certainly make them rulers on the earth as He has made rulers those before them, and that He will most certainly establish for them their religion  which he has chosen for them and that he will most certainly, after their fear, protect them in exchange; they shall serve Me, not associating ought with me; and who ever is ungrateful after this, those are the transgressors. 18.24.55

Except those who repent and believe and does good deeds, so those are they whom Allah changes the evil deeds to good ones and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. 19.25.70

And whoever repents and does good, he surely turns to Allah a (goodly) turning. 19.25.71

Except those who believe and do good and remembered Allah more, and defend themselves after they are oppressed; and they who act unjustly shall know  to that final place of turning then shall turn back. 19.26.227

And those given the knowledge said: Woe to you! Allah’s reward is better for him who believes and does good, and none is made to receive except that tolerant.  20.28.80

AND (as for)those who believe and do good, We will most certainly do away with their evil deeds and we will most certainly reward them the best of what they did. 20.29.7

And (as for) those who believe and do good, We will most surely cause them to enter with the righteous (in Paradise). 20.29.09

And (as for) those who believe and do good, we will certainly give them abode in the high places in Paradise beneath which rivers flow, abiding therein, how good the reward of the workers. 21.29.58

Then as to those who believed and did good, they shall be made happy in the Paradise. 21.30.15

Whoever disbelieves will suffer from his disbelieve, and who so ever does righteous good deeds then such will prepare good place (in Paradise) for themselves (and will be saved by Allah from his torment). 21.30.44

That he may reward those who believe and do good out of his grace; surely He does not love the unbelievers. 21.30.45

As for those who believe and do good, they shall surely have gardens of bliss. 21.31.8

Abiding in them; the promise of Allah (a) true promise, and  He is the Mighty, the wise. 21.31.9

As for those who believe and do good, the gardens are their abiding place, an entertainment for what they did, 21.32.19

That  He may reward those who believe and do good; it is for those whom is forgiveness and honorable sustenance. 22.34.4

And not your wealth nor your children, are the things which bring you near us in station, but whoever believes and does good, these it is for whom is a double reward for what they do, and they shall be secure in the highest places. 22.34.37

(AS FOR) those who disbelieve, they shall have a severe punishment, and (as  for) those who believe and do good, they shall have forgiveness and a great reward. 22.35.7

Whoever does evil, he shall not be recompensed (with ought) but the like of it, and whoever does good, whether male or female,, and he is a believer, they shall enter the garden, in which they shall be given sustenance with out measures. 24.40.40

And the blind and the seeing are not alike, nor those who believe and do good and the evil doer, little is it that you are mindful’ 24.40.58

As for those who believe and do good, they shall surely have reward never to be shut off. 24.41.8

You will see the unjust fearing on account of what they have earned, and it must befall them, and those who believe and do good shall be in the meadows of gardens, they shall have from their Lord what they like. 25.42.22

That is of which Allah gives the good news to his servants (to) those who believe and do good deeds. Say: I donot ask for any reward for it but love for my near relatives and whoever earn good, We give him more of good therein; Allah is forgiving Grateful. 25.42.23

And he answers (the innovation of) those who believe (in the oneness of God) and do righteous good deeds, and give them increased bounty. And as for the unbelievers, their will be a severe torment. 25.42.26

Nay! Do those who have earned evil deeds think that We will make them like those who believed and did good- that their life and their deaths shall equal? Evil it is that they judge. 25.45.21

And as to those who believed and did good , their Lord will make them enter into His mercy, that will be the manifest achievement. 25.45.30

And ( as for) those who believe and do good, and believe in what have been revealed to Mohammad- it is the very Truth from His Lord, and improve their condition. 26.47.2

Surely Allah will make those who believe and do good enter gardens beneath which rivers flow and those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as beasts eat, and the fire is their abode. 26.47.12

Allah has promised those among them who believe and do good, for given ness and great reward. 26.48.29

(And remember) the Day He will gather you (all) on the day of Judgment- that will be the Day of mutual loss and gain. And whoever believes in Allah and performs righteous good deeds. He will expiate from him his sins, and will admit him to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise) to dwell therein for ever, that will be the great success. 28.67.9

An Apostle who recites to you the clear-communication of Allah so that He may bring forth those who believe and do good deeds from darkness into light and whoever believes in. 28.65.11

Except those who believe and do good, for them is a reward that shall never be cut off.  3.84.25

Surely ( as for ) those who believe and do good, they shall have garden beneath which rivers flow, that is the great achievement. 30.85.11

Except those, who believe and do good, so they shall have a reward never to be cut off. 30.95.6

(As for) those who believe and do good, surely they are the best of men. 30.98.7

Except those who believe and do good, and enjoin on each other patience. 30.104.3