The learned Maulana Abul KaIam Azad was a prolific writer  having writngs in Arabic, Persian and Urdu.He ventured upon to write the sequence of events of Karbala and asserted that it is not History of Karbala (Preface Shaheed-e-Azam) but only an arrangement of stray historical facts. His assertion falls to the ground as History in itself is an arragment of historical facts. His other assertion that no single book is available on the history of this incidence (Preface) appears to be incorrect as Aba Abdullah Mohammad-al-Harith-al-Baghdadi known as Sheikh Mufid and also know as Ibn-e-Muallim( son of a teacher), who was born either in 336 A.H. or 338 A.H (948 or 950 A.D.) and died in 413 A.H. 1022 A.D., had written Kitab-al-Irshad in 4th century A.H. (1000 A.D) and was available since then. The above title is referred by Ibn-al-Namdeem (died in 380 A.H./900 A.D.) Fihrist Ibn Nadeem, New York, 1970, 1, 491. The other notable inadvertant or advertant ommissions seem to be that while extracting some narrations from Maqatil-e-Abi Makhnaf the following is not referred. It is narrated that when Imam Hussain (A.S.) went out of Madinah, he first went to the grave of the Holy Prophet (SAW), he cried and offered his last salutation to the Holy Prophet (SAW) and said "I am departing your house". All of a sudden he fell asleep and saw the Holy Prophet in dream saying " Your parents and brother have come to me, you too make haste to come. For you a bright place is ready in Paradise.

Tareekh-e-Ahmadi, Shaikh Ahmad Hussain Khan, Nami Press Lucknow, August,1920. p. 242

Secondly Mulla Hussain Waiiz (Rauzat-us-Shuhuda) is reported to have written" When Imam Hussain (A.S.) realised the situation regarding Bayt of allegiance to Yazid Ibn.Muawiaya,he kept silence till evening,then he went to the grave of the Holy Prophet (SAW) in the night and saluted him. He apprised him that I am your grandson about whom you have asked your followers to be considerate,they have forgotten it and have written me off.

He spent the night thee in prayer,came back to his house in early hours of the next day. He went to the grave of the Holy Prophet (SAW) next evening,there  he cried and went asleep for a while.He saw the Holy Prophet (SAW) comming with a horde of angels and telling Al-Hussain (A.S.) that I see that my followers will soon slaughter you in the plain of Karbala and you will be thirsty then". Tareekh Ahmadi p.241

Thirdly Asadul Ghaba and Tareekh Khamees have recorded that when Imam Hussain (A.S.) decided to set off for Iraq them some people opposed his decision. The Holy Imam (A.S.) said that I saw the Holy Prophet (SAW) in dream who ordered me to perform a task which I am bound to obey. Tareekh Ahmadi. p.260

Fourthly, Tareekh Tabaree Jareer  has stated that Imam Hussain (A.S.) said that the Holy Prophet (SAW) deputed me to perform a task for which I am duty bound to obey " Tareekh Ahmadi p.260.

In the light of the above four authentic narrations it appears that either Maulana ignored these or did not believe in these narrations and derived his conclusions that the Imam (A.S.) was adament and inspite of the advice of some of his friends and Ibne Abbas he decided to move. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad also did not mention the narration that Mohammad al-Hanaffiya endorsed Imam's decision not to give allegiance to Yazid Ibn.Muawiya.Kitabal-Irshad, Shiekh Mufid, p. 302.

The reported error of judgement as claimed by Yazid, and reported in Maulan's book,have a lesser authority than the house of the Holy Prophet who knew each and every  Aayah, its revealation, it contents and meanings.

A serious reader can also find a dichotomy in Maulana's booklet. At the end of historical account of the events of Karbala,he appears to be endorsing Yazid's claim of error of judgement on the part of Hussain (RAA) in assuming that he deserved more to rule over the Ummah, because of his superior genealogy than Yazid. Contrary to the above in the concluding part of his booklet he observed that "it was the result of the sacrifice for righteousness and truthfulness which brings fruit, Hussain's (RAA) action tells us that if the ruler is usurper, tyrant and oppressor,  violative of Islamic laws than the sacrifice is inevitable and it shall be". Further, he says that "God's will shall suppressed the man's own will. Hussain (RAA) was in a position to say yes to Yazid's terms and would have lived peacefully but Hussain(RAA) preferred the God's will". He (HUSSAIN.RAA) did not endorse the contravention of  Islamic rules, Laws and code of conduct at the cost of heads of his family members, friends and himself. (concluding pages of Syedna Imam Hussain, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.

The Compiler felt it necessary to tell the visitors of the Website that some of the events described in Maulana's book may not tally with whatever we hear in speeches during Muharram every year. However, whatever Maulana Azad has written on the Sacrfice of Al-Hussain (A.S.) may enlighten people of all sects about the supreeme sacrfice of Imam Hussain (A.S.) and wrongs of Yazid Ibn.Muawiya.

Prof. Anwer Raza Rizvi
31-Noor Nagar Ext
P.O. Jamia Nagar.N.D.25